A trade association representing the tech industry sued California Wednesday to stop a child online safety law. This comes at a moment when growing public concern over the risks that content on popular platforms like Instagram or TikTok poses to younger users.
The new lawCalifornia’s Age-Appropriate Technology Act, which is also known as the Age-Appropriate Designs Act, would require online services to provide comprehensive protections for minors. This includes shielding them from potentially harmful content and disallowing friend-finding features that could allow adult strangers to contact young people. Governor Gavin Newsom signed the Children’s Online Safety Bill. The first of its kind in the countryTo become law in September.
NetChoice is a trade association that is trying to block the law’s implementation in 2024. business group membersAmazon includes; Pinterest. tik Tok; Google, which is the owner of YouTube; and Meta (the parent company of Instagram and Facebook).
NetChoice filed a lawsuit in the US District Court for the Northern District of California claiming that the legislation would require online services act as content censors. This violates constitutional protections for freedom speech. The group also claimed that the law would hurt minors and other individuals by limiting their access to free and open internet resources.
The law “forces companies to act in the role of mobile censors of internet expression,” NetChoice ComplaintHe stated. “This over-moderation will limit information availability for users of every age and stifle essential resources, particularly for vulnerable youth who rely upon the Internet to save their lives,” she said.
Over the years, researchers, parents, and children’s groups have expressed concern that algorithms on platforms such as Instagram and TikTok have promoted harmful content. about eating disordersThen there is the self harming For younger users. The United States and Europe have taken more measures to protect children’s online safety and privacy.
The California Child Safety Act was a bipartisan effort and passed both houses of the state legislature with unanimous votes. It was based in part on the Children’s Online Safety rules, which were put into place last year by Britain.
british rulesOnline services that may have minor users must ensure that children’s safety is prioritized. This means that many social media platforms and video games must set the highest privacy settings available for children in Britain. They should also turn off some features that could be tempting kids to stay online for hours on end, such as autoplay — videos that automatically play one after another.
As the British rules were about be implemented, Google, Instagram (Pinterest, TikTok), Snap, YouTube, and other sites introduced new safeguards for younger users. YouTube, for example has disabled automatic video playback in order to protect minors.
California laws also require that online services must disable features like video autoplay to children.
NetChoice complained that the rules were too broad, would impact a wide range of online services, and would prevent platforms from promoting content freely. The tech trade group argued, in particular, that systems like autoplay or content recommendation algorithms are widespread and “beneficial” features.
NetChoice responded to a reporter’s question on why it wanted to block California law, when many of its members already follow similar British rules. NetChoice stated that the state law was unconstitutional under Section 1.
The UK has a similar law, but it does not have a First Amendment or a long tradition. Protect speech on the InternetChris Marchese is a NetChoice attorney.
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